National Response Framework Overview for Local, Tribal and

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National Response Framework Overview for Local, Tribal and State Audiences January 22, 2008 S/L/T Version 1

Topics NRF purpose, key concepts Focused on response How the Framework is organized What has changed Applying the NRF Leadership and the NRF (stakeholder responsibilities for Federal, State, Local, Private Sector, Nongovernmental Organizations) Building new capability Roll out plan S/L/T Version 2

National Response Framework Purpose Guides how the nation conducts all-hazards incident response Key Concepts Builds on the National Incident Management System (NIMS) with its flexible, scalable, and adaptable coordinating structures Aligns key roles and responsibilities across jurisdictions Links all levels of government (local, tribal, State, Federal), private sector, and nongovernmental organizations in a unified approach to emergency management Always in effect: can be partially or fully implemented Coordinates Federal assistance without need for formal trigger S/L/T Version 3

Focused on Response Achieving a Goal Within a Broader Strategy Response Immediate actions to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs Execution of emergency plans and actions to support short-term recovery National Strategy for Homeland Security – guides, organizes and unifies our National homeland security efforts Prevent and disrupt terrorist attacks; Protect the American people, our critical infrastructure, and key resources; Respond to and recover from incidents that do occur; and Continue to strengthen the foundation to ensure our long-term success. S/L/T Version 4

How the Framework is Organized Core Document Doctrine, organization, roles and responsibilities, response actions and planning requirements that guide national response Emergency Support Function Annexes Mechanisms Mechanisms to to group group and and provide provide Federal Federal resources resources and and capabilities capabilities to to support support State State and and local local responders responders Support Annexes Essential Essential supporting supporting aspects aspects of of the the Federal Federal response common to all incidents response common to all incidents Incident Annexes Incident-specific Incident-specific applications applications of of the the Framework Framework Partner Guides Next Next level level of of detail detail in in response response actions actions tailored to the actionable entity tailored to the actionable entity 5

What Has Changed A Framework not a Plan Written for two audiences Senior elected and appointed officials Emergency Management practitioners Emphasizes roles of the local and tribal governments, States, NGOs, individuals and the private sector Establishes Response Doctrine Engaged partnership Tiered response Scalable, flexible, and adaptable operational capabilities Unity of effort through unified command Readiness to act Establishes planning as a critical element of effective response S/L/T Version 6

Applying the Framework Most incidents wholly managed locally Some require additional support Small number require Federal support Catastrophic requires significant Federal support State Governor must request Federal support Minor event might be initial phase of larger, rapidly growing threat Accelerate assessment and response Federal department/agency, acting on own authority, may be initial Federal responder Integrated, systematic Federal response intended to occur seamlessly S/L/T Version 7

Effective, unified national response requires layered, mutually supporting capabilities State & Tribal Governments Local Governments National Response Framework Federal Government Private Sector & NGO 8

Stakeholder Responsibilities: Individuals and Households Individuals and Households: Though not formally part of emergency operations, individuals and households play an important role in the overall emergency management strategy. They can contribute by reducing hazards in and around their homes; preparing emergency supply kits and household emergency plans; monitoring emergency communications carefully; volunteering with established organizations; and enrolling in emergency response training. State & Tribal Governments Local Governments NRF Federal Government Private Sector & NGO S/L/T Version 9

Stakeholder Responsibilities: Local Governments The responsibility for responding to incidents, both natural and manmade, begins at the local level Local officials have primary responsibility for community preparedness and response Elected/Appointed Officials (Mayor) Emergency Manager State & Tribal Governments Department and Agency Heads Public Safety Officials Local Governments NRF Federal Government Private Sector & NGO S/L/T Version 10

Local Response Structures Incident Command. At the tactical level, on-scene incident command and management organizations are located at an Incident Command Post, which is typically comprised of local and mutual aid responders. Local Emergency Operations (EOC). Local EOCs are the physical locations where multiagency coordination occurs. EOCs may be permanent organizations and facilities that are staffed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, or they may be established to meet short-term needs. Local Officials and Emergency Operations Center Incident Command Post S/L/T Version 11

Stakeholder Responsibilities: Tribal Governments The United States has a trust relationship with Indian tribes and recognizes their right to self-government. Tribal governments supplement and facilitate local efforts before, during, and after incidents. Tribal leaders are responsible for the public safety and welfare of the people of that tribe. State & Tribal Governments Local Governments NRF Federal Government Private Sector & NGO S/L/T Version 12

Stakeholder Responsibilities: State Governments States are sovereign entities, and the Governor has responsibility for public safety and welfare; States are the main players in coordinating resources and capabilities and obtaining support from other States and the Federal government Governor Homeland Security Advisor State & Tribal Governments Director State Emergency Management Agency State Coordinating Officer State governments supplement and facilitate local efforts before, during, and after incidents Local Governments NRF Federal Government Private Sector & NGO S/L/T Version 13

State Response Structures The local incident command structure directs on-scene emergency management activities and maintains command and control of on-scene incident operations. State EOCs are activated as necessary to support local EOCs. Therefore, the State EOC is the central location from which off-scene activities supported by the State are coordinated. Chief elected and appointed officials are located at the State EOC, as well as personnel supporting core functions. The key function of State EOC personnel is to ensure that those who are located at the scene have the resources (e.g., personnel, tools, and equipment) they need for the response. State Officials and Emergency Operations Center Local Officials and Emergency Operations Center Incident Command Post S/L/T Version 14

Federal Leadership and the Framework Secretary of Homeland Security: Principal Federal official for domestic incident management FEMA Administrator: Principal advisor to the President, Secretary of Homeland Security, and Homeland Security Council regarding emergency management Principal Federal Official (PFO): Secretary’s primary representative to ensure consistency of Federal support as well as the overall effectiveness of Federal incident management. For catastrophic or unusually complex incidents requiring extraordinary coordination Interfaces with Federal, State, tribal, and local officials regarding Federal incident management strategy; primary Federal spokesperson for coordinated public communications Federal Coordinating Officer (FCO): For Stafford Act events, the primary Federal representative to interface with the SCO and other State, tribal, and local response officials to determine most urgent needs and set objectives Federal Departments and Agencies: Play primary, coordinating, and support roles based on their authorities and resources and the nature of the threat or incident State & Tribal Governments Local Governments NRF Federal Government Private Sector & NGO 15

Private Sector & NGOs and the Framework The Private Sector supports community response, organizes business to ensure resiliency, and protects and restores critical infrastructure and commercial activity State & Tribal Governments Local Governments NGOs perform vital service missions: Assist individuals who have special needs Coordinate volunteers Assist with the management and distribution of donated goods Interface with government response officials at all levels NRF Federal Government Private Sector & NGO S/L/T Version 16

The Framework: Building New Capability Preparedness Cycle–a system that builds the right capabilities Introduces National Planning System Defines response organization Requires training Advocates interoperability and typing of equipment Emphasizes exercising with broadbased participation Describes process for continuous evaluation and improvement Capability Building Aligning Risk-Based Planning National Planning Scenarios Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis S/L/T Version 17

NRF: Equipping Leaders, Practitioners, and Individuals Improve education, training, and coordination among Federal, State, tribal, and local organizations to help save lives and protect America's communities by increasing the speed, effectiveness, and efficiency of response. S/L/T Version 18

Roll Out Plan Objectives Public release to wide audience with support of key partners Inform stakeholders on key improvements Ensure all partners understand doctrine, structures, and roles and responsibilities Promote coordination of planning efforts Training Education and Exercises Awareness training Introduces the Framework; ensures common understanding Position-specific training Builds proficiency to perform specific roles, per NIMS National and regional exercises To rehearse and measure readiness to conduct effective national response Includes emergency management community Inclusive process to ensure widest understanding and preparedness S/L/T Version 19


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