THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH The President The Vice President The Cabinet

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THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH The President The Vice President The Cabinet Executive Depts. & Bureaucracy

Qualifications for Pres. & V.P. Must be 35 years old Must be a natural born citizen Must have lived in the U.S. the last 14 years

Term of office: nd 22 Amendment The President and V-P. are elected to four year terms The 22nd amendment limits the president to two terms or no more than 10 years

Compensation Salary 400,000(2001) 150,000 for expenses 100,000 for travel White House 132 rooms and office Camp David Resort Medical & Dental Care Secret service protection-life Pension Transportation

Presidential Succession Act 1. Vice-President of the U.S. 2. Speaker of the House 3. President pro tempore of Senate 4. Cabinet in order of department creation (Sec. State, Treasury, Defense) United States presidential line of succession

25th Amendment Vice President will become president if president is removed from office. (think Nixon) If vice presidency is vacant the president will nominate a successor to approved by congress. (think Agnew)

25th Amendment con’t If president has inability perform duties the vice-president will become acting president. When the president notifies congress that the inability no longer exists he/she may resume power provided congress agrees.

The Electoral college Each state will have electors to the number of senators representatives given to that state Electors may not hold any other office Electors will be appointed by state legislature Electors will determine the pres. And vice-pres.

Removal of President The president and vice president may be removed from office upon conviction of impeachment for high crimes and misdemeanors. *Note: No president has ever been removed from office.

PRESIDENTIAL POWERS (constitutional) Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces Grant reprieves & pardons for federal offenses Call special session of Congress Receive ambassadors Execute laws Appoint officials to lesser offices

War Powers Act 1973 War Powers Act of 1973 attempted to limit the president’s power to use troops. Required presidents to consult with Congress before using military force. Mandated withdrawal of forces after 60 days unless Congress declared war or granted an extension. Partially successful. Presidents have regarded the act as an unconstitutional infringement on their constitutional powers.

Powers Shared w/ Congress Make Treaties Appoint Ambassadors, Judges, & high officials Approve Legislation

Other Powers Executive orders Signing Statements

Secretary of Homeland Security

Categorizing Presidents Barber argues that the first four presidents fit nicely into the four categories of the typology

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